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Below you will find a listing of up to date news covering the US, Canada, and Ireland.

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June 14, 2017





Greater Essex County District School Board and United Association of the Journeymen and Apprentices of the Plumbing and Pipefitting Industry of the United States and Canada, Local 552, 2012 ONCA 482[i]

In a recent decision, the Ontario Court of Appeal determined that the Ontario Labour Relations Board (the "OLRB") cannot ignore the express terms of a collective agreement dealing with grievances and arbitration, including applicable timelines.

The grievance at issue began in July 2004 and involved an allegation that the employer school board had hired certain construction workers not covered by the Collective Agreement to do work within its schools. The union relied upon s. 133 of the Ontario Labour Relations Act (the "Act"), which allows a party to a collective agreement in the construction sector to refer a grievance to the OLRB for final and binding arbitration. However, the grievance was not referred to the OLRB until December 2004, more than four months beyond the 14-day time limit for referral of a matter to arbitration under the Collection Agreement. While the Collective Agreement provided for the extension of the timelines by mutual agreement of the parties, this had not occurred.

The OLRB Vice-Chair accepted the union’s submissions that the grievance referral mechanism in s. 133 of the Act constituted an entirely separate procedure from that of the normal grievance procedure within a collective agreement. Accordingly, the Vice-Chair held that the 14-day time limit within the Collective Agreement was directory only, and not mandatory. The Vice-Chair then concluded that he had the discretion to extend the timeline for the referral of the grievance to arbitration before the OLRB. He decided to exercise that discretion and hear the grievance. The Vice-Chair then decided the grievance in favour of the union.

The employer applied to the Ontario Divisional Court for a judicial review of, among other things, the Vice-Chair’s jurisdictional ruling. The Court concluded that the timelines within the Collective Agreement were mandatory, and took special note of the language of Articles 17.3 and 18.5 of the collective agreement between the parties. Article 17.3 provided:

any grievance … that has not been carried through Article 17-Grievance Procedure Clauses and in accordance with the time limits specified, or mutually agreed to, will be deemed to have been settled satisfactorily by the parties to the grievance.

The Divisional Court found that once this clause had been engaged, it effectively brought the grievance to a conclusion, leaving nothing to be referred to the OLRB. As a result, the Divisional Court reversed the Vice-Chair’s ruling. The union appealed this decision to the Ontario Court of Appeal.

Before the Court of Appeal, the union relied heavily on the language of s. 133 (1) of the Act, which provides that a grievance under a collective agreement may be referred to the OLRB "despite the grievance arbitration provisions in a collective agreement". The Court of Appeal rejected this argument, stating that it agreed without reservation with the Divisional Court’s conclusion that the Vice-Chair’s jurisdiction decision was unreasonable and could not stand.

The Court emphasized that s. 133 (1) of the Act exists to provide a useful forum for the prompt resolution of construction industry grievances, provided that there is, in fact, a grievance to arbitrate. The Court of Appeal cited past decisions of the OLRB, which held that where a collective agreement clearly provides that a grievance that is not processed in a timely fashion is deemed to be abandoned, the grievance effectively ceases to exist and is not therefore capable of referral to arbitration. The Court found that the Vice-Chair declined to follow this line of authority, and instead "invested the Labour Board with the wide open discretion to ignore or override the collective agreement". The Court continued at paragraph 58:

Thus, according to the Vice-Chair, the Labour Board has the authority to deal with any matters it likes, including past grievances deemed to have been settled under the collective agreement.

The Court found this departure from established OLRB jurisprudence was unreasonable, and concluded that there was no live grievance that could be referred to the OLRB under s. 133, pursuant to the terms of the Collective Agreement.

The decision of the Ontario Court of Appeal clearly establishes that s. 133 of the Act may not be used to disregard the established and agreed upon time limits contained within a Collective Agreement. Employers involved in the construction industry should take note and continue to follow the grievance referral time lines established within the applicable Collective Agreements.

When employers lose on a jurisdictional issue, they may be tempted to apply for judicial review immediately, prior to a decision on the merits. This decision reminds employers that frequently the better course is to wait for a final decision, and if it is unfavourable, to have all issues reviewed at the same time.

For further information, please contact Chris Sinal at 519-435-6006 or your regular lawyer at the firm.

Christopher A. Sinal

October 2012

February 7, 2017

APCM Ontario Regulation AODA 429/07 send New Amendments Ontario Reg 165, New Accessibility, Ergonomics and AODA New Amendments compliance requirements are now law and mandatory - call to set up compliance meetings to reduce the risk of fines for non-compliance.  APCM will offer on-line working at heights training starting April 15, 2017 which is mandatory.  Working at heights training is also available onsite starting April 15, 2017.  Mandatory fall arrest training is also available on-line 24/7 - mandatory sexual harassment training requirements available 24/7 on-line which meets the MOL requirements and is mandatory.

It is still winter, snow and ice can cause workplace injuries, ensure that snow and ice is removed from sidewalks, parking lots and entrances to all buildings. 

It is a requirement in Ontario by the MOL mandatory under Section (11)

  • A floor or other surface used by any worker shall,

(a)  be kept free of,

(i)   obstructions

(ii)  hazards, and

(iii) accumulations of refuse, snow or ice and

(b) not have any finish or protective material used on it that is likely to make the surface slippery.   R.0.1990, Reg 851, S 11.

APCM can also provide health and safety manuals with the necessary procedures to ensure the workplace is in compliance with the legal requirements set out by Governments across Canada.  Call 905-891-3474 or email  Call one of our health and safety representatives and ask to have free advice, and ask one of our resource people any question related tot he Ministry of Labour Industrial Construction Acts and Regulations. 



Heat stress can happen to us all

Hot temperatures combined with factors such as high humidity, hard physical work, loss of body fluids, fatigue or some medical conditions can put stress on the body’s cooling system. When this happens it can lead to a heat related illness or disability or even death.

Who’s at risk?

Heat stress can happen to anybody, even the young and fit, and heat exposure may occur in all kinds of workplaces. Industrial furnaces, bakeries, smelters, foundries and worksites with heavy equipment are significant sources of heat inside workplaces. For outdoor workers, direct sunlight is the main source of heat. In mines, geothermal gradients and equipment can contribute to exposure.

Controlling Heat Stress

Acclimatization – You should take a week or two to get used to the heat and allow your body to adjust. This is called "acclimatization". Be aware that if you are away from work for a week you may need to re-adjust to the heat.

Engineering Controls – Air-cooling systems, fans and insulating and reflective barriers around furnaces and machinery can help to reduce heat exposure and control workplace temperatures and humidity.

Administrative Controls – Ensure that there are appropriate monitoring and control strategies in place and be ready to take appropriate action for hot days and hot workplaces. To prevent heat stress, increase the frequency and the length of rest breaks and slow down the pace of work.

Don’t underestimate the hazards of heat stress. When it’s hot you need to drink a lot of fluids, dress appropriately and recognize the signs of heat stress. If heat exposure is an issue in your workplace you need to develop and implement policies to prevent heat-related illnesses.

February 10, 2016

Bill C-45 and the New Health and Safety Crime OHS Criminal Negligence

Offer training on-line to your Supervisors, Managers, General Manager, Vice President’s, Presidents, and Directors to reduce the risk to OHS Charges. Reduce the risk of being charged for violation of the Occupational Health and Safety Act and Regulations by the police - in any province of Canada for failing to ensure workers are properly instructed on how to work safely. Management shall provide the proper Occupational Health and Safety training to all its workers, it’s not enough to provide OHS training without a written test with a 80% pass mark, Management shall provide written instruction on how to operate equipment – (verbal instructions are not enough) and will not protect management if there is a critical injury or the death of a worker. Management who have not met their obligations to protect workers will find it very costly, it is the companies responsibility to ensure workers are protected, take the on-line training to reduce the risk of work place injuries. Bill C-45 and the New Health and Safety Crime OHS Criminal Negligence Training is available 24/7 on-line at call 905-891-3474 or fax 905-486-1675 for information.

November 10, 2015 online occupational health and safety center for all your workplace safety training.  Occupational health and safety available 24/7 in 80 languages.  Winter is about to start, are you ready?  Occupational health and safety on-line training will help reduce the risk of a workplace injury.  Start your on-line training before winter starts with slip, trip and fall training to reduce the risk of injury.  Wear non slip shoes and boots, keep sidewalks free of snow and ice by removing it before production starts, this will reduce the risk of slips and falls.  Ensure the workplace removes snow and ice from parking lots, walkways and from the plant and or buildings.  Make sure you have winter tires on the car or truck,  make sure your car or truck are ready for the winter driving conditions.  Plant and building heating systems are cleaned with new filters installed.  Check air make-up system to see they are working properly.  Employers who own the building are responsible for salting and removing snow and ice from parking lots and walkways.  Employers who lease should make sure snow and ice removal is written into lease agreement, one slip and fall could result in a workplace injury costing workers compensation cost of approximately $40,000.00 to $50,000.00.  Occupational health and safety on-line will reduce the risk of workplace injury.  APCM is your one stop shop for occupational health and safety training on-line 24/7 in 80 languages - or call 905-891-3474, all employee needs is company credit card.

July 28, 2015

Worker – Revised Definition

  1. The definition of "worker" in subsection 1 (1) of the Occupational Health and Safety Act is repealed and the following substituted:

"worker" means any of the following, but does not include an inmate of a correctional institution or like institution or facility who participates inside the institution or facility in a work project or rehabilitation program:

  1. A person who performs work or supplies services for monetary compensation.

  2. A secondary school student who performs work or supplies services for no monetary compensation under a work experience program authorized by the school board that operates the school in which the student is enrolled.

  3. A person who performs work or supplies services for no monetary compensation under a program approved b y a college of applied arts and technology, university or other post-secondary institution.

  4. A person who receives training from an employer, but who, under the Employment Standards Act, 2000, is not an employee for the purposes of that Act because the conditions set out in subsection 1 (2) of that Act have been met.

  5. Such other persons as may be prescribed who perform work or supply services to an employer for no monetary compensation.